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Anatomy of the Foot & Ankle
The foot is a highly complex and evolved structure consisting of 28 bones, 35 joints, 3 arteries, 4 veins and 5 nerves that allow ambulation.
Some Common Foot Injuries & Conditions Are:
An ankle sprain is the most common injury to the ankle and the long term consequences can even lead to premature ankle arthritis. The most common type is the inversion ankle sprain, in which the ankle rolls over on the outside. An ankle sprain is the stretching and tearing of ligaments- in the sprained ankle the most common damage is done to the talo-fibula ligament ( if the ankle sprain is worse, the calcaneo-fibula ligaments can also be damaged) sometime the tendons also get damaged.
You have flat feet when the arch on the inside of your feet is flattened, allowing your entire foot to touch the floor when you stand up. A common and usually painless condition, flatfeet may occur when the arches don’t develop during childhood. In other cases, flatfeet may be caused by an injury or from the simple wear and tear stresses of age. Flatfeet can sometimes cause problems in your ankles and knees because the condition can force your ankles to turn inward and this throws off the alignment of your legs. If you aren’t experiencing any pain, no treatment is usually necessary for flatfeet. However, symptoms can indicate tendon injury which will progress and cause osteoarthritis of the foot so evaluation of flatfeet is essential.
The primary purpose of shoes is to protect your feet and prevent injury. Poorly fitted shoes can cause discomfort, injury and permanent deformity. Understanding the components of a shoe and the proper fit can help you make sensible shoe purchases. The most important quality to look for in shoes is durable construction and a good fit.
The material from which a shoe is made can affect fit and comfort. Where softer materials decrease the amount of pressure a shoe places on the foot while stiff materials can cause blistering and callus formation.
Most men’s shoes conform to the shape of the feet and have a roomy toe box with sufficient horizontal and vertical space and a low heel. If you stand for an extended period of time shoes with soft pliable soles will protect your feet and help keep them comfortable.
Work shoes are generally tailored specifically to a particular occupation and particular needs with protection in the toe box as well as different soles to protect different levels of traction.
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